John Mikhail's long-awaited book Elements of Moral Cognition is finally available. The Rawlsian/Chomskyean line of reasoning explored by Mikhail in his previous research on moral grammar is fully fleshed out in this book, so I expect it to have an immediate and lasting impact on the growing field of moral psychology.
Is the science of moral cognition usefully modeled on aspects of Universal Grammar? Are human beings born with an innate “moral grammar” that causes them to analyze human action in terms of its moral structure, with just as little awareness as they analyze human speech in terms of its grammatical structure? Questions like these have been at the forefront of moral psychology ever since John Mikhail revived them in his inﬂ uential work on the linguistic analogy and its implications for jurisprudence and moral theory. In this seminal book, Mikhail offers a careful and sustained analysis of the moral grammar hypothesis, showing how some of John Rawls’ original ideas about the linguistic analogy, together with famous thought experiments like the trolley problem, can be used to improve our understanding of moral and legal judgment. The book will be of interest to philosophers, cognitive scientists, legal scholars, and other researchers in the interdisciplinary ﬁ eld of moral psychology