Experimental philosophers interested in science might want to pay attention to the growth of
the experimental history of science. In substance, experimental historians of
science reproduce the experiments described in important scientific events, for
instance Galileo’s experiments.
The motivations for endorsing an experiment approach to the history of science vary, just like the motivations for endorsing an experimental approach to philosophy. These motivations range from debunking some well-known experiments to justifying the accounts of these experiments to better understanding these accounts and the important scientific texts.
My colleague Paolo Palmieri (Pittsburgh, HPS) and some of his students are currently involved in developing this field, with a particular emphasis on Galileo. Here is how Paolo puts his project:
"I am starting a research program with the objective of establishing the foundations for a totally new approach to the history of science. I call this new approach “experimental history of science”. Experimental history of science consists in re-creating as faithfully as possible the experimental apparatus of landmark experiments in the history of science, and in re-performing the experiments especially when we know little about the details of the original setups, a fact which has been a consistent source of sterile disagreement between scholars. In this way I am convinced that we will cast new light on crucial scientific events."
You can see a few pics of the pendulum experiment here.
Paolo is not alone in highlighting the importance of an experimental approach to the history of science. The psychologist Ryan Tweeney has also replicated some of Faraday's experiments.